Threat prevention must always begin with the effective ability to detect threats. Detection must be sweeping and comprehensive if an organization plans to truly understand its risk. As the model for detection continues to shift into ‘threat intelligence’, CISO’s and security teams must understand where these programs excel and where they do not. The issue many groups encounter is not due to lack of effort or investment, but instead, the fault lies with the vendors for lack of transparency. The threat management solutions such as managed SOC’s will often hold back intelligence as an add-on, but also vendors don’t take the time to present what is detected and what is not.
There is also a gap between an internal threat actor and the ability to detect host-to-host incidents. This means that when an attacker finds himself inside the network, he is able to pivot and attack freely going mostly undetected. Why is this? There is nothing in place to detect host-to-host attacks unless they cross a gateway that is logging. Internal LAN to internal LAN is most commonly a flat design, and therefore doesn’t pass through a device such as a firewall. The same goes for trusted zones or many other design nomenclatures; the trusted traffic often goes unanalyzed.
Of course there are solutions for this such as HIDS/HIPS, internal honeypots, port mirroring analysis, but the unfortunate fact is that this is not often in place, and data is not collected or properly investigated if they are in place. This is an area that organizations need to be paying attention to.